Loes Koring
  Loes Koring
Loc

MIT Department of Linguistics and Philosophy
77 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02139

mail koring@mit.edu
phone +1 617-253-9373

ABOUT ME

I am a postdoctoral associate in the Department of Linguistics and Philosophy at MIT. Prior to this appointment, I was a postdoc in the Cognitive Science Department of Macquarie University, Sydney. My research is in language acquisition and language processing primarily. How are the computations we hypothesize reflected in processing and how can we best measure these reflexes? At the same time I am interested in the question how these computations develop in the language-acquiring child. I use both on-line (mainly eye-tracking) and off-line experimental methods to explore these questions. My dissertation (April 2013, Utrecht University Linguistics) investigates processing of unaccusative vs. unergative verbs in adults and young children as well as the semantics, processing and acquisition of (evidential) raising constructions. For more information about my research and research papers, you may click on the Research Tab.

© 2016 Loes Koring, last modified: February 2017.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loes Koring

MIT Linguistics and Philosophy
77 Massachusetts Avenue 32-D966
Cambridge, MA 02139
koring@mit.edu
www.loeskoring.org

Research Interests

Syntax; semantics; language acquisition; language processing; eye-tracking (visual world paradigm)

Academic Positions

2016 - present MIT
  Postdoctoral Associate, Department of Linguistics & Philosophy
2014 – 2016 Macquarie University
  Postdoctoral fellow, Department of Cognitive Science
2013 – 2014 Utrecht University
  Postdoctoral fellow, Department of Language, Literature, and Communication
Project: The syntax of idioms
(PIs: Norbert Corver, Jeroen van Craenenbroeck)
2012 – 2014 Utrecht University
  Lecturer in Linguistics, Department of Language, Literature, and Communication

Education

  Utrecht University
2013   Ph.D. in Linguistics, April 2013 (cum laude)
   

Dissertation: Seemingly similar: Subjects and displacement in grammar, processing, and acquisition.
Promotor: Eric Reuland (promotor), Pim Mak (co-promotor), Sergio Baauw (co-promotor)
Review Committee: Martin Everaert (Utrecht University), Liliane Haegeman (UGent), Nina Hyams (UCLA), Ken Wexler (MIT), Jeff Runner (University of Rochester).

2007   M.A. in Linguistics (cum laude)
    Thesis: The acquisition of raising verbs
2005   B.A. in Linguistics (cum laude)
    Thesis: Binding in Telugu and Hmar

Fellowships, Grants, and Awards

  Macquarie University Strategic Infrastructure Scheme Grant
 
  • Future proofing Macquarie’s Speech Perception Laboratory, 2016. PI: Benders, T.
    co-investigators: Demuth, K., Cox, F., Sharma, M., Tsukuda, K., Proctor, M.,
    Szakay, A., Yuen, I., Xu, N., Schmidt, E., Koring, L., Ma, W., & Kung, C. –
    $136,000
  Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)
 
  • Top Talent Graduate Research Fellowship, 2007 – 2012: “Development and
    Impairment to Phases” #021.001.087 – € 180,000
  Scuola Normale Superiore and University of Pisa
 
  Utrecht University
 
  • Travel Grant, 2012 – €1,500
  • Utrecht University Grant for taking part in the Committee of Educational Policy, 2003-2005

Publications

Journal Articles
Accepted Koring, Loes and Eric Reuland. What structural priming can and cannot reveal. Accepted for Bahavioral and Brain Sciences.
In Press Crain, Stephen, Loes Koring, and Rosalind Thornton. Language Acquisition from a Biolinguistic Perspective. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews.
2015 Koring, Loes, and De Mulder, Hannah. Understanding different sources of information: the acquisition of evidentiality. Journal of Child Language 42 (5), 947 – 968.
2012 Koring, Loes. Don’t shoot the messenger: How subjectivity affects distributional properties. Lingua 122 (8), 874 – 890
2012 Koring, Loes, Pim Mak, and Eric Reuland. The time course of argument reactivation revealed: Using the visual world paradigm. Cognition 123 (3), 361-379.
 
Submitted Manuscripts
Submitted Giblin, Iain, Loes Koring, Stephen Crain. The ties that bind: The need for syntax in binding theory. Submitted to Language.
Resubmitted Koring, Loes and Hans van de Koot. The visual trace of unaccusativity in online processing. Linguistic Inquiry
Resubmitted Koring, Loes, Pim Mak, Iris Mulders, and Eric Reuland Processing intransitive verbs: How do children differ from adults? Language Learning and Development.
 
Proceedings Papers
2014 Koring, Loes, Pim Mak, and Eric Reuland. Children’s Representation of Unaccusatives. In: W. Orman and M.J. Valleau (eds.). Proceedings of 38th Boston University Conference on Language Development 38 (BUCLD): 240 – 252.
2009 Koring, Loes and Ken Wexler. Children’s Late Acquisition of Dutch Raising-Verbs. In: Y. Otsu (Ed.). The Proceedings of the Tenth Tokyo Conference of Psycholinguistics. Hituzi Syobo Publishing, Tokyo: 143-166. 
 
Book Chapter
2015 Reuland, Eric, Loes Koring and Pim Mak. Issues in interpretation: From structure to process. In Е. И. Риехакайнен & Н. А. Слепокурова (Eds.), К 150-ЛЕТИЮ КАФЕДРЫ ОБЩЕГО ЯЗЫКОЗНАНИЯ САНКТ-ПЕТЕРБУРГСКОГО ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОГО УНИВЕРСИТЕТА - Cборник статей (pp. 224-237). St Petersburg: Филологический факультет СПбГУ.
2009 Koring, Loes. Binding in Down's Syndrome. In: Coopmans P., Everaert M., Marelj M. (red.) Promoting Systems Interface.. Utrecht: Utrecht Institute of Linguistics OTS.
 
In Progress
In prep Koring, Loes, Nina Sangers, and Ken Wexler. New evidence for the adjectival nature of children’s early passives. In preparation for submission to Linguistic Inquiry.
In prep. Koring, Loes. Producing figurative meanings: the case of idioms. In preparation for a volume entitled “Figurative Expressions: Production Processes and Theory” as part of the book series Figurative Thought and Language.
 
Unpublished manuscripts
2006 Koring, Loes. Floating Quantifiers. Ms., UiL-OTS.

Talks

Invited talks
2017 Looking for structure in strings. Presented at the Acquisition Lab Meeting, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
2016 Processing reflexes of underlying structure.
Presented at the Language and Cognition Seminar, Harvard, Cambridge.
2016 Workshop on the Visual World Paradigm.
Presented at the Phonetics Meeting, Department of Linguistics, Macquarie University.
2014 A visual signature of computation.
Presented at Ling-Lunch, MIT, Boston, USA.
2014 The semantics and acquisition of non-embedding reportatives.
Presented at the Syntax-Semantics Reading Group (LFRG), MIT, Boston, USA.
2014 Evidentials and their embeddability. Presented at the workshop on ‘What
Happened to Principles and Parameters?’, Arezzo, Italy
2013 Argument reactivation within eye-shot: Measuring on-line processing of
intransitive verbs with the eye-tracker
. Presented at the Seminar Series, UCL,
London, UK.
2012 The On-line Processing of Unaccusative and Unergative Verbs: Evidence from
the Visual World Paradigm.

Presented at UCLA Psycholinguistics seminar
(‘Psychobabble’), Los Angeles, CA.
2012 Acquiring verbs with an evidential semantics.
Presented at the acquisition of semantics seminar. UCLA, CA.
2012 How to measure on-line sentence processing in children: dos and don’ts.
Presented at the Language Acquisition Group meeting (LAG) Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
2011 The language-cognition interface: Insights from raising-verbs.
Presented at Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Acquisition Lab, The Netherlands.
2011 How subjectivity affects the distributional properties of raising-verbs.
Talk presented at the Optimal Communication Colloquium (OCC) Radboud Universit Nijmegen, The Netherlands
 
Conference Presentations
[2017] A good enough representation is not good enough. To be presented at the Experimental Psycholinguistics Conference (EPC), Menorca.
2016 How many ways are there to process a sentence?
Presented at the workshop'Developmental perspectives on language processing', Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.
2015 Who is the agent when it is left implicit? Paper presented at the 12th Generative Approaches to Language Acquisition (GALA 12), Nantes, France (with Nina Sangers and Ken Wexler).
2015 Interfering causes in acquisition.  Paper presented at the 12th Generative Approaches to Language Acquisition (GALA 12), Nantes, France (with Pim Mak, Iris Mulders, and Eric Reuland).
2015 Children’s different way of forming a passive. Paper presented at the 48th meeting of the Societas Linguistica Europaea (SLE), Leiden, The Netherlands (with Nina Sangers and Ken Wexler).
2015 Definiteness as a trigger of idiomaticity. Paper presented at the 13th International Cognitive Linguistics Conference (ICLC), Newcastle, UK.
2014 Verb type determines when the subject is reactivated: Evidence from eye movements. Paper presented at the ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders Annual Workshop, Macquarie University, Sydney.
2013 What pirate stories reveal about children’s representation of uanccusatives. To be presented at BUCLD 38, Boston, MA (with Eric Reuland and Pim Mak
2013 Children’s on-line processing of unaccusative verbs. Presented at the Child Language Seminar, Manchester, UK (with Eric Reuland and Pim Mak).
2013 How children process intransitive verbs. Presented at the 11th International Symposium for Psycholinguistics, Tenerife, Spain (with Eric Reuland and Pim Mak).
2013 Processing evidential raising verbs. Presented at Linguistics in the Netherlands, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
2012 Evidentials as PPIs. Presented at The Nature of Evidentiality, Leiden, The Netherlands.
2011 Studying Raising from a Broader Perspective: the language-cognition interface, Presented at Generative Approaches to Language Acquisition (GALA) 2011, Thessaloniki, Greece (with Hannah De Mulder)..
2011 The relation between linguistic and conceptual development: acquiring evidentiality. Poster presented at BUCLD Conference, Boston, USA (with Hannah De Mulder).
2010 Verb type determines when the subject is reactivated: Evidence from eye movements. Poster presented at CUNY Conference on human sentence processing, New York, USA (with Pim Mak).
2010 The Acquisition of Evidential Markers in Dutch. Presented at Language Culture and Mind (LCM) IV, Turku, Finland (with Hannah De Mulder).
2010 Koring, L., De Mulder, H. The Acquisition of Evidential Markers in Dutch.
Presented at Language Culture and Mind (LCM) IV, Turku, Finland.
2010 Subject reactivation depends on the syntactic position of the argument: evidence from eye movements. Presented at the Workshop on Verbs, Pisa, Italy. (with Pim Mak)
2010 Where language meets thought: developing a way to express source of information. Presented at the workshop On Linguistic Interfaces II, Belfast, UK (with Hannah De Mulder).
2009 Acquiring the Syntax and Semantic of Dutch Raising-Verbs. Presented at the Tokyo Conference for Psycholinguistics (TCP) X, Tokyo, Japan.
2009 Acquiring the Syntax and Semantics of Dutch Raising-Verbs. Presented at the workshop Mind-Context Divide Workshop, Iowa City, USA.
2009 Verb type determines when people move their eyes. Poster presented at GALA (Generative Approaches to Language Acquisition), Lisbon, Portugal (with Pim Mak).
2008 When do children acquire Dutch raising-verbs? Poster presented at GALANA (generative approaches to language acquisition north America), University of Connecticut, USA.
2008 Raising-Verbs in Dutch: Structure and Acquisition. Presented at TiN-dag, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Teaching

Courses as Instructor
[Spring 2017] More Advanced Syntax (24.955) (with Sabine Iatridou), MIT.
[Spring 2017] Language Acquisition (24.904), MIT.
Fall 2016 Language Acquisition (24.949), MIT.
September 2015 Seminar on Universal Grammar (with Stephen Crain and Rosalind Thornton), Macquarie University.
February 2015 Seminar on Eye-Tracking (with Martin Hackl and Leo Rosenstein), 1-week hands-on mini course for graduate students, MIT.
Spring 2015 Lectures on the Foundations of Syntax (with Michael Iverson), Series of lectures for graduate students, Macquarie University.
Fall 2013 De Toren van Babel, Introduction to linguistics (BA), Utrecht University (with Joost Zwarts and Jacomine Nortier).
Fall 2013 Taal, mens en maatschappij, Introduction to linguistics (BA), Utrecht University.
Spring 2013 Perspectieven op de Taalwetenschap, Perspectives on linguistics (advanced BA course in linguistics) (with Martin Everaert), Utrecht University.
Spring 2013 Inleiding ATW, Introduction to Linguistics (BA) (with Marijana
Marelj and Sander van der Harst), Utrecht University.
Fall 2012 Perspectieven op de Taalwetenschap, Perspectives on linguistics (advanced BA course in linguistics) (with Martin Everaert), Utrecht University.
Fall 2012 Inleiding ATW, Introduction to Linguistics (BA) (with Marijana Marelj and Sander van der Harst), Utrecht University.
Fall 2012 Basiscursus Taalkundig Onderzoek, BA course on experimental methods in linguistic research (with Shalom Zuckerman), Utrecht University.
 
Courses as TA:
Fall 2008 Foundations of Linguistics, primary instructors: Iris Mulders, Eric Reuland and Eddy Ruys, Utrecht University.
Fall 2007 Inleiding ATW, primary instructor Frank Wijnen, Utrecht University.
Spring 2007 Inleiding Taalontwikkeling, Introduction to language acquisition, primary instructor Jacqueline van Kampen, Utrecht University.
2005-7 Inleiding ATW, primary instructors Frank Wijnen, Hans Van de Velde and Hugo Quené, Utrecht University. (3x)
 
Supervision
2014 Nina Sangers, BA-thesis-supervisor: de eerste taalverwerving van
het Nederlandse passief (Acquisition of the Dutch passive).
2013 Babet Jacobs, BA-thesis-supervisor: Het lidwoord en het adjectief bij tweede taalleerders. (The article and the adjective in second language learners)
2011 Ilse Meerkerk, internship co-supervisor (with Pim Mak). Eyetracking experiment on Spanish Verbs.
2011 Rianne Oostwoud Wijdenes, MA-thesis co-supervisor (with Pim Mak). Processing Passive Verbs.
2010 Annemarie Lucassen, internship co-supervisor (with Pim Mak). Processing Intransitive Verbs in Spanish.

Academic Service

Occasional reviewer for:
  Linguistic Inquiry, Journal of Experimental Psychology, Lingua, Language Learning and Development, BUCLD.
 
Other Service:
2015 CLaS-CCD Eye tracking workshop: Language, vision, perception and their interface, Organizing Committee.
2010 – 2012 AiO (assistant in training) Representative, Utrecht University, Human
Sciences.
2008 – 2010 UiL-OTS Psycholinguistics Newsletter Correspondent.
2008 EMLAR V (Experimental Methods of Language Acquisition Research), Organizing Committee.
2007 – 2008 UiL-OTS Kermit-Lectures co-organizer (lectures on formal syntax),
Utrecht University.

Languages

Fluent: Dutch (native), English
Basic: Spanish, German, French, Python, R

© 2016 Loes Koring, last modified: March 2017.



Download LoesKoringCV.pdf

Projects

Language Acquisition

The question my work addresses is which derivations are available to the language-acquiring child. What is the nature of children's sentence representations and how are they processed online? I explore this by using both off-line and on-line experimental methods, carried out in MIT's Language Acquisition Lab. If you are interested in what we do and would like to help science together with your child, you can find out more about participating here. Some current projects (with various collaborators) include children's meaning representations of sentences with unaccusative and passive verbs. Previous work studied children's acquisition of Dutch raising-verbs (and their evidential semantics), and children's processing of unaccusative verbs. Here are some references and downloadable papers on acquisition.

Review article comparing a biolinguistic and a usage-based perspective:

Evaluating a usage-based account of binding:

The acquisition of passives (with Nina Sangers and Ken Wexler):

The acquisition of unaccusativity:

  • Koring, Loes, Pim Mak, Iris Mulders, and Eric Reuland. (submitted). Processing intransitive verbs: How and why do children differ from adults? Manuscript, submitted. 
  • Koring, Loes Pim Mak, and Eric Reuland. (2014). Children’s Representation of Unaccusatives. In: W. Orman and M.J. Valleau (eds.). Proceedings of 38th Boston University Conference on Language Development 38 (BUCLD): 240 – 252.

The acquisition of raising-verbs:

Language Processing

The main focus of my work is on how the linguistic computations we hypothesize are reflected in processing and how this can best be measured. I showed that the Visual World Paradigm can be used to detect reactivation effects of arguments of verbs during procsesing, with a different timing of reactivation for arguments depending on their position in the structure. We now showed this in both English and Dutch, and in adults as well as children (for more detailed information, see the papers below). This is a valuable tool that I hope to use to tease apart competing theories about the underlying structure of particular linguistic expressions. The great advantage is that it is non-invasive and can be used with populations that cannot provide overt acceptability judgments. The collaborators on these projects include Pim Mak, Eric Reuland, Iris Mulders, and Hans van de Koot.

The relation between grammar and the parser:

Structural priming

  • Koring, Loes and Eric Reuland. What structural priming can and cannot reveal. Submitted to Bahavioral and Brain Sciences.

Processing unaccusative verbs:

  • Koring, Loes & Hans van de Koot. (submitted). The visual trace of unaccusativity in online processing. Manuscript, submitted.  
  • Koring, Loes, Pim Mak, Iris Mulders, and Eric Reuland. (under revision). Processing intransitive verbs: How and why do children differ from adults? Manuscript, submitted. 
  • Koring, Loes, Pim Mak, and Eric Reuland. (2014). Children’s Representation of Unaccusatives. In: W. Orman and M.J. Valleau (eds.). Proceedings of 38th Boston University Conference on Language Development 38 (BUCLD): 240 – 252.
  • Koring, Loes, Pim Mak, and Eric Reuland. (2012). The time course of argument reactivation revealed: Using the visual world paradigm. Cognition 123 (3), 361-379.

Dutch raising-verbs, their evidential semantics, and acquisition

These papers discuss the Dutch raising-verbs schijnen and lijken ('seem'). Even though they appear very similar, a closer look at these verbs reveals their differences in the source of information they encode as well as their distributional properties. Interestingly, these differences correspond to a difference in the timeline of acquisition.

The syntax of idioms

For a little less than a year, I was part of a project on the syntax of idioms. As part of that project, I investigated the question what linguistic tools can trigger idiomatic meanings. In particular, I looked at the pragmatically unlicensed use of the definite determiner as a way to trigger idiomaticity.

PhD Thesis

My PhD thesis (Utrecht University, April 2013) combines the various angles of research discussed above. I looked at several structures that involve displacement: sentences with unaccusative verbs and subject-to-subject raising and studied those structures from a theoretical, processing, and acquisition perspective.





© 2016 Loes Koring, last modified: February 2017.